What is Myopia Management?
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the eye is too long, causing light to focus incorrectly on the retina, resulting in blurry vision for objects that are far away.
Myopia management is a relatively new concept in the field of optometry that aims to slow down the progression of myopia and reduce the risk of complications associated with high levels of myopia, such as retinal detachment, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Types of Myopia Management Treatments
There are several ways that people affected by myopia can manage their vision issues to see more clearly and comfortably. These methods are primarily focused on children, to help their eyes develop and avoid excessive progression of myopia.
Myopia Control Contact Lenses
New technology has been developed for soft contact lenses to aid in myopia management, particularly in children, to correct nearsightedness and slow its progression.
Myopia Control Glasses
Some glasses are specifically designed to accommodate myopia, but do not slow the progression of myopia significantly when compared to other treatment options.
Myopia Management Contact Lenses
There are contacts available that are specifically designed to alter the eye at night, so during the day you won’t need to wear them. These lenses are called orthokeratology contacts.
Atropine Eye Drops
Diluted versions of eye drops used for dilation have been shown to help slow myopia progression in children.
Reducing Strain & Stress
Taking care of our eyes at a young age can help avoid progression of myopia. This can include strenuous close vision like reading, watching TV too closely, or excessive screen time.
Why is Myopia Management Important?
Myopia can progress rapidly during childhood and adolescence, which increases the risk of developing serious eye diseases later in life, such as glaucoma, cataracts, and retinal detachment.
Myopia management in children can significantly slow down the progression of the condition and reduce the risk of vision-threatening complications.
Early intervention with effective myopia management strategies can help children maintain good vision and preserve their eye health as they grow up.
How Does Myopia Management with Contact Lenses Work?
Myopia management with specialized contact lenses works by slightly reducing the amount of light that enters the eye, which in turn reduces the amount of elongation of the eye.
This is achieved through the use of specialized contact lenses that have a unique design and specific features. These lenses are known as “orthokeratology”, “orthoK” or “OK” lenses, which are worn overnight while sleeping.
How Effective are Orthokeratology Lenses in Managing Myopia?
OrthoK lenses have been shown to be highly effective in managing myopia. Studies have shown that they can slow down the progression of myopia by up to 50% in children and teenagers. They are also safe and well-tolerated by most patients.
Getting Started with Myopia Management
Myopia management goes beyond just correcting nearsighted vision issues – it aims to protect the eye health and vision of kids as their eyes develop.
If you’re interested in myopia management, it’s important to schedule a comprehensive eye exam with an optometrist or an ophthalmologist to determine your child’s eyes’ unique needs and discuss the best options.
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